斯洛伐克语原来的作品：18 Secrets for a Longer
The growth of social media and waning in-person contact has led Former
Surgeon General Vivek Murthy to label loneliness a worldwide epidemic.
And it could be lethal.
May 14–20 has been established by Womenshealth.gov, a branch of the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services, asNational Women’s Health
This week is a celebration of femininity, womanhood, and the unique
health issues that face women of all ages.
From teenagers to the elderly, women face a wide variety of health
problems, and National Women’s Health Week has been created as a way to
spread awareness about these issues, and help women all around the
country live happier, healthier lives.
Julianne Holt-Lunstad, a professor of psychology at Brigham Young
University, has found in her research that loneliness reduces people’s
life spans by the equivalent of smoking 15 cigarettes a day.
1. 维护 DNA，大家不要无计可施(Protect Your
This is especially important for nurses. Despite growth in male nurses,
it remains a fact that nursing is an overwhelmingly female-dominated
profession. In the US, female nurses outnumber male nursesby a ratio of
So it’s important that we take this time to discuss the health issues
that could face many of us – whether we’re young or old. In this
article, we’ll look at the 5 most important health screenings for women
of all ages.
Breast Exams And Mammogram – Yearly
4. 当然，交友需审慎(Choose Your Friends
Breast cancer is one of the single most deadly and widespread cancers in
existence – and it affects women most of all. It’s estimated thataround
die from breast cancer this year alone – and 99% of them will be women.
Sitting all day increases risk for a raft of different cancers, a 2014
Because of this, it’s extremely important to get regularly tested and
screened for breast cancer, especially if you have a family history of
the disease. Until you’re 45 or so, this will usually take the form of
or an examination performed by your general practitioner.
6. 午睡，必须的(Embrace the
After the age of 45, yearly mammograms are recommended. As you near
menopause, your risk of breast cancer increases. Your physician may
advise you to start getting mammograms earlier if you have a family risk
of breast cancer.
Researchers included in their meta-analyses data from four million
people involving how often they sat to watch TV, do work, and commute.
7. 白海的健康膳食，值得具备(Follow a Mediterranean
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer among women, behind only
lung cancer. So get tested early and often, so that you can minimize
8. 吃，像冲绳人那么吃(Eat Like an
Pelvic Exam And Pap Smear – Every 3 Years
Each two-hour increase in sitting time upped people’s risks for colon,
endometrial, and lung cancers, regardless of whether they still
exercised during the day.
Though breast exams and mammograms are usually common knowledge, fewer
women get regular cervical cancer screenings. However, you should be
regularly tested for cervical cancer.
Though it’s only about 10% as common as breast cancer, the survival
rates for cervical cancer aremuch
they are for breast cancer – especially if the disease is not caught
Your family doctor or general practitioner should be able to offer you a
pap smear and a pelvic exam. It’s recommended that you get a pap smear
and pelvic exam every 3 years. This will allow you to catch the disease
early if it does occur, and guarantee a clean bill of health.
Sleep loss 失眠
12. 酒不在多，适度就行(Drink in
Blood Pressure Screening – Every 1-2 Years
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have called sleep
deprivation a public health problem, as some 50 to 70 million people in
the US have sleep or wakefulness disorder.
Women should have their blood pressure checked regularly by their
general practitioners. About29% of all
high blood pressure – and many are unaware of their condition.
Women are at a lower risk of high blood pressure when they’re younger –
but as women age, their risk of high blood pressure increases. By age
65-74,women are much more
have higher blood pressure, compared to men.
Professor Valery Gafarov, of the World Health Organisation, noted in
2015 that insufficient sleep raises the risk of stroke and heart attack
to similar degrees as regular cigarette use.
15. 康宁第一，防范为主(Use Safety
So get your blood pressure checked regularly. Every time you visit your
family doctor, you should have your blood pressure tested. If it’s high,
they may recommend having it tested again in 6 months. If your screening
is normal, you may be able to wait 2 or more years before getting
16. 呼呼大睡，丰裕、高水平的上床永恒是率先位的(Make Sleep a
Cholesterol Screening – Every 5 Years
“Poor sleep should be considered a modifiable risk factor for
cardiovascular disease along with smoking, lack of exercise, and poor
diet,” he said.
Women have a lower risk of heart disease, compared to men. This is
partly because estrogen has atendency to raise HDL
good cholesterol – and help prevent heart disease. However, as women
age, their estrogen levels go down. This is especially true during
18. 生存，要有目的(Maintain a Sense of
After menopause, the risk of heart disease and high cholesterol rises
dramatically. As women age, their triglyceride and cholesterol levels
rise – this is exacerbated by conditions like weight gain and diabetes.
Because of this, women should have their cholesterol checked at least
every 5 years. Though heart disease isn’t as common among women as it is
in men, heart disease is the cause of death1 in 4
1. 维护 DNA，大家绝不心余力绌(Protect Your DNA)
Skin Cancer Tests – Yearly, Depending On Risk Factors
Indoor tanning may seem like a more controlled version of regular
sunbathing, but both are potentially more dangerous than smoking.
Invasive melanoma is thesixth most
among women – especially Caucasian women. Though thetanning
the mid-2000s has mostly ended, there are still quite a few women who
are at increased risk of developing skin cancers and melanoma.
It’s estimated that melanoma in Caucasian women under the age of 44 has
increased by 6.1% annually – a trend which reflects the use of indoor
tanning beds and excessive sun exposure.
In 2014, researchers published a study in JAMA that found indoor tanning
alone led to more cases of skin cancer than smoking did with lung
Because of this, women who have a high risk of skin cancer (excessive
sun exposure, pale skin, use of indoor tanning beds) should have their
skin tested regularly.
As we age, the ends of our chromosomes — called telomeres — become
shorter. This makes people more vulnerable to disease. You might think
there’s nothing you can do, but new research suggests otherwise. In a
pilot study, lifestyle changes boosted an enzyme that increases
telomere length. Other studies also find diet and exercise can protect
telomeres. So healthy habits may slow aging at the cellular level.
Usually, a general practitioner can simply perform a visual test which
allows them to observe any misshapen moles or other signs of melanoma.
“Given the large number of skin cancer cases attributable to indoor
tanning, these findings highlight a major public health issue,” the
2. 当真担任的人，活得更持久(Be Conscientious)
You should also keep an eye on your own body. If you have moles, make
sure they’re not growing or changing – and minimize your exposure to the
sun by wearing large hats, covering up in intense sun, and regularly
using sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.
Celebrate By Keeping An Eye On Your Health!
When you work in a hospital,you often avoid
We’ve all been there. But this Women’s Health Week, make it a point to
schedule your regular checkups and other preventative screenings. By
doing so, you can make sure that you’re in good health, and that your
risk factors for common diseases, cancers, and conditions are minimized.
Poor diet 饮食不良
Take the time to schedule your screenings today – and encourage other
women in your life to do the same. By doing so, we can help spread
awareness about the importance of regular health screenings for women,
and help provide better health outcomes for every woman in the United
A wealth of evidence has found that sugary, processed foods high in
saturated fats can expose people to potentially fatal diseases at
similar, if not greater, rates than smoking.
An 80-year study found one of the best predictors of a long life is a
conscientious personality. Researchers measured attributes like
attention to detail and persistence. They found that conscientious
people do more things to protect their health and make choices that
lead to stronger relationships and better careers.
In 2016, researchers studying the mortality risks from poor diet
concluded the death rates exceeded those of alcohol, drugs, unprotected
sex, and tobacco combined.
10 年中病逝的票房价值更低。针对 148
Science has given you one more reason to be grateful for your friends
– they might help you live longer. Australian researchers found
elderly social butterflies were less likely to die over a 10-year
period compared to people with the fewest friends. Another analysis of
results from 148 studies supports the link between plentiful social
connections and longevity.