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The explanation lies in the two different ways that “fruit” is defined.
First, it is true that scientifically speaking, tomatoes are fruits.

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对“fruit(水果,果实)”的定义有两种不同说法。首先,从科学角度讲,番茄的确属于果实。

图片 4番茄到底是水果还是蔬菜

图片 5USA
美国图片 6Ukraine
乌克兰图片 7Spain
西班牙图片 8South
Korea
韩国图片 9Italy
意大利图片 10Greece
希腊图片 11Finland
芬兰图片 12France
法国图片 13China
天朝

According toMerriam-Webster, a fruit is “the usually edible
reproductive body of a seed plant.” In a blog post, the dictionary
explained it in simpler terms: “Any thing that grows on a plant and is
the means by which that plant gets its seeds out into the world is a
fruit.”

The confusion about ‘fruit’ and ‘vegetable’ arises because of the
differences in usage between scientists and cooks. Scientifically
speaking, a tomato is definitely a fruit. True fruits are developed from
the ovary in the base of the flower, and contain the seeds of the plant
(though cultivated forms may be seedless). Blueberries, raspberries, and
oranges are true fruits, and so are many kinds of nut.
科学家和厨师们对西红柿用法的差异常常引起人们的疑惑,这货到底是水果还是蔬菜?科学来讲,西红柿就是水果。水果就是在花的子房里发育而成,含有植物的种子(尽管发育而成后的果实有可能是无籽的)。蓝莓,树莓,以及橙子都是水果,很多种类的坚果也是水果。

Fried “popcorn” chicken, mashed potatoes, peas, fruit cup and a
chocolate chip
cookie。麦乐鸡、土豆泥、豌豆、什锦水果,还有一块巧克力曲奇。

根据《韦氏词典》,果实通常指“种子植物的可食用繁殖体”。《韦氏词典》博客上的一篇文章给出了更简单的释义:“果实是长在植物上、能够将植物种子带到外面的部分。”

蓝莓、树莓、橙子……好多水果!爱吃水果的你,能用英语叫出多少种水果的名字?

Steak, carrots, green beans, cheese and fresh
fruit。牛排、胡萝卜、绿豆、奶酪和新鲜水果。

That definition includes apples, tomatoes, and anything else that grows
from a plant and contains seeds. (Cucumbers, peppers, pumpkins, and
avocados are all fruits too, according to science.)

As far as cooking is concerned, some things which are strictly fruits,
such as tomatoes or bean pods, may be called ‘vegetables’ because they
are used in savoury rather than sweet cooking. The term ‘vegetable’ is
more generally used of other edible parts of plants, such as cabbage
leaves, celery stalks, and potato tubers, which are not strictly the
fruit of the plant from which they come. Occasionally the term ‘fruit’
may be used to refer to a part of a plant which is not a fruit, but
which is used in sweet cooking: rhubarb, for
example。而从烹饪的角度上来看,一些严格意义上属于水果的食物比如说西红柿和豆荚,就被视为蔬菜。因为它们被用来烹饪做成菜肴而不是做成甜食。蔬菜更广泛地用于其他植物可食用的部分,如卷心菜的叶子,芹菜的茎以及马铃薯块茎,这些从严格意义上来说都不是所属植物的果实。有时候水果还可以用来指用于制作甜食但是非植物果实的部分,比如说大黄。

Pork with mixed veggies, black beans and rice, salad, bread and baked
plantains。猪肉和什锦蔬菜、黑豆米饭、沙拉、面包和和烤大蕉(香蕉的一种)。

这个定义包含了苹果、番茄等任何有种子的植物部位。从科学意义上讲,黄瓜、辣椒、南瓜、牛油果都属于果实。

So, the answer to the question is that a tomato is technically the fruit
of the tomato plant, but it’s used as a vegetable in
cooking。所以说,问题的答案就是,从技术上来说,西红柿是西红柿植株的果实,但是在烹饪上被用作蔬菜。

Pea soup, beet salad, carrot salad, bread and pannakkau (dessert
pancake) with fresh
berries。干豌豆汤、牛肉沙律、胡萝卜沙律,面包和放上新鲜浆果的pannakkau(薄烤饼甜点)。

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