Performing artists who were exposed to abuse, neglect or a dysfunctional
family as a child might experience their creative process more
intensely, according to a new long-term study that has found a link
between the two.

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一项长期研究发现,表演艺术家的创造力和童年经历存在联系——童年不幸者(如被虐待、被忽视、家庭不和睦)更富创造力。

Performing artists who were exposed to abuse, neglect or a dysfunctional
family as a child might experience their creative process more
intensely, according to a new long-term study that has found a link
between the two.

Those on the radical program were subjected to an intense diet.

Psychologists at California State University, Northridge, studied 234
professional performers, looking for a reason why mental health
disorders are so common in the performing arts.

一项长期研究发现,表演艺术家的创造力和童年经历存在联系——童年不幸者(如被虐待、被忽视、家庭不和睦)更富创造力。

Even after living with diabetes for six years, you can still beat it
without surgery or medication and, initially, without exercise too.

美国加州州立大学北岭分校的心理学家调查了234名专业表演家,寻找表演艺术家心理健康问题频发的原因。

Psychologists at California State University, Northridge, studied 234
professional performers, looking for a reason why mental health
disorders are so common in the performing arts.

So concludes a study on type 2 diabetes just published in the
prestigious journal, The Lancet . It shows diabetes remission can be
achieved with a radical diet.

“The notion that artists and performing artists suffered more pathology,
including bipolar disorder, troubled us,” psychologist Paula Thomson, a
co-author on the new study, told Psypost.

美国加州州立大学北岭分校的心理学家调查了234名专业表演家,寻找表演艺术家心理健康问题频发的原因。

This UK study is based on the hypothesis that type 2 diabetes is caused
by excess fat within the liver and pancreas and those with the disease
can be returned to normal glucose control by consuming a radically low
calorie diet.

这项新研究的作者之一、心理学家宝拉·汤姆森告诉Psypost网站说:“艺术家和表演家更容易患上躁郁症等心理疾病,这让我们感到困扰。”

“The notion that artists and performing artists suffered more pathology,
including bipolar disorder, troubled us,” psychologist Paula Thomson, a
co-author on the new study, told Psypost.

Whether this is practicable and can achieve remission of type 2 diabetes
in the care of the family doctor, without any bariatric surgery, was not
known until now. The study involved almost 300 adults who had been
diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the past six years. They were drawn
from 49 family practices across Scotland and the Tyneside region of
England.

The study examined 83 actors, directors, and designers; 129 dancers; and
20 musicians and opera singers. These study participants filled out
self-report surveys pertaining to childhood adversity, sense of shame,
creative experiences, proneness to fantasies, anxiety, and level of
engagement in an activity.

这项新研究的作者之一、心理学家宝拉·汤姆森告诉Psypost网站说:“艺术家和表演家更容易患上躁郁症等心理疾病,这让我们感到困扰。”

Half were put on the radical weight management program while the other
half followed standard treatment determined by diabetes guidelines. They
were the control group.

该研究调查了83名演员、导演和设计师、129名舞者、20名音乐家和歌剧演唱家。这些参与者填写了有关童年不幸、羞耻感、创作体验、幻想倾向、焦虑和活动参与度的自陈报告。

The study examined 83 actors, directors, and designers; 129 dancers; and
20 musicians and opera singers. These study participants filled out
self-report surveys pertaining to childhood adversity, sense of shame,
creative experiences, proneness to fantasies, anxiety, and level of
engagement in an activity.

After having their anti-diabetic and blood-pressure lowering drugs
stopped, those on the radical program were subjected to an intense diet.

The study found that, compared to the original Adverse Childhood
Experiences study conducted back in 1998 on 9,508 adults, performing
artists as a group reported a higher level of childhood emotional abuse
and neglect.

该研究调查了83名演员、导演和设计师、129名舞者、20名音乐家和歌剧演唱家。这些参与者填写了有关童年不幸、羞耻感、创作体验、幻想倾向、焦虑和活动参与度的自陈报告。

It began with a diet replacement phase. This consisted of a low calorie
formula diet of about 850 calories a day for three to five months.

1998年,研究人员探究过9508位成年人的童年不幸经历。他们对比两项研究结果后发现,相较于普通人,表演艺术家在童年期经历精神虐待和忽视的几率更高。

The study found that, compared to the original Adverse Childhood
Experiences study conducted back in 1998 on 9,508 adults, performing
artists as a group reported a higher level of childhood emotional abuse
and neglect.

Food was then reintroduced in a stepped program for the next two to
eight weeks, with ongoing support for weight-loss maintenance.

The participants were able to be categorised into three groups: those
who reported a high level of childhood adversity; those who had
experienced a lower or medium level; and those who had experienced
little to none.

1998年,研究人员探究过9508位成年人的童年不幸经历。他们对比两项研究结果后发现,相较于普通人,表演艺术家在童年期经历精神虐待和忽视的几率更高。

The participants, aged 20-65, received cognitive behavioural therapy
combined with strategies to increase physical activity. They were aiming
to shed 15kg or more, sufficient to achieve remission of diabetes.

这回,研究人员根据童年不幸程度,将调查对象分为三组:高程度(非常不幸)、中低程度(比较不幸)、零程度(几乎没有经历过不幸)。

The participants were able to be categorised into three groups: those
who reported a high level of childhood adversity; those who had
experienced a lower or medium level; and those who had experienced
little to none.

After a year, they had lost an average of 10kg and nearly half had
reverted to a non-diabetic state without using any diabetes treatment.

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