What was the most interesting comparison was to see which front pockets
could fit a person’s hand.
The problem with these stories is that they show what the data shows:
women systematically underestimate their own abilities.
If you test men and women, and you ask them questions on totally
objective criteria like GPAs, men get it wrong slightly high, and
women get it wrong slightly low.
Number one: sit at the table. Just a couple weeks ago at Facebook, we
hosted a very senior government official, and he came in to meet with
senior execs from around Silicon Valley. And everyone kind of sat at
第一，坐在桌旁。 仅仅几周前在脸谱， 我们主持一个非常高级行政官员会议，
And then he had these two women who were traveling with him who were
pretty senior in his department, and I kind of said to them, “Sit at
the table. Come on, sit at the table,” and they sat on the side of the
In an analysis of 20 major jean brands, the group found on average
women’s jean front pockets are 48 percent shorter and 6.5 percent
narrower than men’s pockets.
第一条：sit at the table
People would think the purpose of a jean pocket would be so someone
could carry necessary items in it — such as a phone, wallet or their own
When I was in college my senior year, I took a course called European
Intellectual History. Don’t you love that kind of thing from college?
I wish I could do that now. And I took it with my roommate, Carrie,
who was then a brilliant literary student — and went on to be a
brilliant literary scholar
我在大四时， 我选修一节欧洲思想史的课程。 你们喜爱大学的这类课程嘛。
她那时是一个才华横溢的文学学生 成为了一个杰出的文学家 。
and my brother — smart guy, but a water-polo-playing pre-med, who was
我的弟弟 一个聪明的小伙子，但他爱打水球，他上医学预科 大二。
The three of us take this class together. And then Carrie reads all
the books in the original Greek and Latin, goes to all the lectures. I
read all the books in English and go to most of the lectures. My
brother is kind of busy. He reads one book of 12 and goes to a couple
of lectures, marches himself up to our room a couple days before the
exam to get himself tutored.
我们三人一起选修这课。 然后卡丽读了 所有希腊文和拉丁文的原版书籍–
去了所有的课– 我读了所有英语的书 上了大多数的课。 我弟弟有点忙；
他读了12本书中的一本 去上了几节课， 在考试前几天他来到我们房间
The three of us go to the exam together, and we sit down. And we sit
there for three hours — and our little blue notebooks — yes, I’m
And we walk out, and we look at each other, and we say, “How did you
And Carrie says, “Boy, I feel like I didn’t really draw out the main
point on the Hegelian dialectic.”
And I say, “God, I really wish I had really connected John Locke’s
theory of property with the philosophers who follow.”
And my brother says, “I got the top grade in the class.”
“You got the top grade in the class? You don’t know anything.”
Nearly 20 million Indian women quit work between 2004-05 to 2011-12
The labour force participation rate for women of working age declined
from 42% in 1993-94 to 31% in 2011-12
Some 53% of the total drop – the largest chunk – happened among women
aged 15-24 and living in villages
In rural areas, the female labour force participation rate dropped from
49% to 37.8% between 2004-05 and 2009-10
While more than 24 million men joined the work force between 2004-5 to
2009-10, the number of women in the the work force dropped by 21.7
Using data gleaned from successive rounds of National Sample Survey
Organisation and census data, a team of researchers from World Bank have
attempted to find out why this is happening.
Predictable social norms are attributed to women quitting work in India:
marriage, motherhood, vexed gender relations and biases, and patriarchy.
The study says there has been a “larger response to income changes among
the poor, rather than the wealthy, by sending children to
school”.”Improved stability in family income can be understood as a
disincentive for female household members to join the labour force,”
says the study.
Clearly women need better and more suitable job opportunities, outside
agriculture. Rural labour markets need to offer jobs that are acceptable
and attractive to women and their families.
The World Bank study suggests that gains will not be realised unless
social norms around women’s – and men’s – work also change:”Strategies
to communicate the importance of women’s work should take into account
the roles of women, husbands and in-laws.”
Now when the study looked at back pockets on jeans, it found there was
only a slight difference between ones for women and ones for men.
When looking at what phone could fit into a woman’s jean pocket, the
study found only 40 percent of brands could hold an iPhoneX. Similarly
only 20 percent could hold a Samsung Galaxy, and a shocking five percent
could hold a Google Pixel.
I wish the answer were easy. I wish I could just go tell all the young
women I work for, all these fabulous women, “Believe in yourself and
negotiate for yourself. Own your own success.” I wish I could tell
that to my daughter. But it’s not that simple.
把握住你的成功。” 我希望我也能告诉我的女儿。 但这不是很简单。
第三条 don’t leave before you leave.
I think there’s a really deep irony to the fact that actions women are
taking — and I see this all the time — with the objective of staying
in the workforce actually lead to their eventually leaving.
Here’s what happens: We’re all busy. Everyone’s busy. A woman’s busy.
And she starts thinking about having a child, andfrom the moment she
starts thinking about having a child, she starts thinking about making
room for that child.“How am I going to fit this into everything else
And literally from that moment, she doesn’t raise her hand anymore,
she doesn’t look for a promotion, she doesn’t take on the new project,
she doesn’t say, “Me. I want to do that.” She starts leaning back. The
problem is that — let’s say she got pregnant that day, that day —
nine months of pregnancy, three months of maternity leave, six months
to catch your breath —fast-forward two years, more often.
言下之意， 她不再举起她的手， 她不寻求提升，她不找新的计划，
她不会说，“我，我想做那个。” 她开始退缩。 这是个问题
And as I’ve seen it —women start thinking about this way
earlier— when they get engaged, when they get married, when they
start thinking about trying to have a child, which can take a long
One woman came to see me about this, and I kind of looked at her —
she looked a little young. And I said, “So are you and your husband
thinking about having a baby?” And she said, “Oh no, I’m not married.”
She didn’t even have a boyfriend. I said, “You’re thinking about
this just way too early.”
她甚至没有男友。 我说，“你考虑这个 太早了吧。”
But the point is that what happens once you start kind of quietly
leaning back? Everyone who’s been through this — and I’m here to tell
you,once you have a child at home, your job better be really good to
go back,because it’s hard to leave that kid at home — your job
needs to be challenging.
It needs to be rewarding. You need to feel like you’re making a
difference. And if two years ago you didn’t take a promotion and some
guy next to you did, if three years ago you stopped looking for new
opportunities, you’re going to be bored because you should have kept
your foot on the gas pedal.
它也得有回报。 你得感觉到世界因你而变。 如果2年前你没有得到提升
在你旁边的一个男孩得到提升， 如果三年前 你放弃寻找新的机会，
Don’t leave before you leave. Stay in. Keep your foot on the gas
pedal, until the very day you need to leave to take a break for a
child — and then make your decisions.Don’t make decisions too far
in advance, particularly ones you’re not even conscious you’re
在你离开前别放弃。 保住工作。 紧踩油门， 除非到了那一天你需要离开
为了孩子休假 然后做出你自己的决定。 不要提前做太长远决定，
为何无数印度妇女失业？——BBC news 2017.5.26
A study by?The Pudding?only confirmed what most already know about
jean pockets when it found women’s were considerably smaller than ones
created for men.
Because what the data shows, above all else, is one thing, which is
that success and likeability are positively correlated for men and
negatively correlated for women. And everyone’s nodding, because we
all know this to be true.
There’s a really good study that shows this really well. There’s a
famous Harvard Business School study on a woman named Heidi Roizen.
And she’s an operator in a company in Silicon Valley, and she uses her
contacts to become a very successful venture capitalist.
是有关于一位叫海蒂·罗森的女性。 她是硅谷一家公司的 负责人，
In 2002 — not so long ago — a professor who was then at Columbia
University took that case and made it Howard Roizen. And he gave the
case out, both of them, to two groups of students.He changed exactly
one word: “Heidi” to “Howard.”But that one word made a really big
向两组学生展示。 他只改变了一个词： 海蒂到霍华德。
He then surveyed the students, and thegood news was the students,
both men and women,thought Heidi and Howard were equally competent,
and that’s good.The bad news was that everyone liked Howard.He’s a
great guy. You want to work for him. You want to spend the day fishing
But Heidi? Not so sure. She’s a little out for herself. She’s a little
political.You’re not sure you’d want to work for her.This is the
complication. We have to tell our daughters and our colleagues, we
have to tell ourselves to believe we got the A, to reach for the
promotion, to sit at the table.
大家不太想和她共事。 这是复杂的。 我们得告诉我们的女儿和我们的同事，
我们得告诉我们自己相信我们能获得A， 得到提升， 坐在桌边。
And we have to do it in a world where, for them,there are sacrifices
they will make for that, even though for their brothers, there are
The saddest thing about all of this is that it’s really hard to
remember this. And I’m about to tell a story which is truly
embarrassing for me, but I think important.
I gave this talk at Facebook not so long ago to about 100 employees,
and a couple hours later, there was a young woman who works there
sitting outside my little desk, and she wanted to talk to me. I said,
okay, and she sat down, and we talked.
几小时后，在脸谱工作的一个年轻女性 坐到我小桌子旁边， 她想和我谈谈。
And she said, “I learned something today. I learned that I need to
keep my hand up.” I said, “What do you mean?” She said, “Well, you’re
giving this talk, and you said you were going to take two more
questions. And I had my hand up with lots of other people, and you
took two more questions. And I put my hand down, and I noticed all the
women put their hand down, and then you took more questions, only from
And I thought to myself, wow, if it’s me — who cares about this,
obviously — giving this talk — and during this talk, I can’t even
notice that the men’s hands are still raised, and the women’s hands
are still raised, how good are we as managers of our companies and our
organizations at seeing that the men are reaching for opportunities
more than women? We’ve got to get women to sit at the table.
My talk today is about what the messages are if you do want to stay in
the workforce, and I think there are three. One, sit at the table.
Two, make your partner a real partner. And three, don’t leave before
今天我的演讲是要讲 如果你真正想呆在职场。 我想有3条建议。
Also, as another study says, the “ongoing decrease in the availability
of farm-based work, has led to women focusing on economic activities
within their house。
Now, at the outset, I want to be very clear that this speech comes
with no judgments. I don’t have the right answer. I don’t even have it
现在首先，我想澄清 这个演讲不带有任何评判。 我也没有正确的答案；
I left San Francisco, where I live, on Monday, and I was getting on
the plane for this conference. And my daughter, who’s three, when I
dropped her off at preschool, did that whole hugging-the-leg, crying,
“Mommy, don’t get on the plane” thing.
This is hard. I feel guilty sometimes. I know no women, whether
they’re at home or whether they’re in the workforce, who don’t feel
that sometimes.So I’m not saying that staying in the workforce is
the right thing for everyone.
这很难受。有时我感到内疚。 我知道 无论是家庭主妇，还是职业女性，
The numbers are stark – for the first time in India’s recent history,
not only was there a decline in the female labour participation rate,
but also a shrinking of the total number of women in the workforce.