SEOUL, South Korea — He clapped and he smiled, even posing for a group
photo with a K-pop band.
- pose for — If you pose for a photograph or painting, you stay in a
particular position so that someone can photograph you or paint
The government in South Korea’s capital is introducing a new initiative
to force its employees to leave work on time – by powering down all
their computers at 20:00 on Fridays.
Kim Jeong-cheol wakes up every morning at 6 am to deliver packages to
Seoul’s wealthier residents, and spends every night ferrying those same
people home after a night out, ending his working day well past
midnight. He also works at a cosmetics distribution company he runs from
his home with his wife.
The appearance by North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, on Sunday at a
concert by South Korean musicians in Pyongyang was all the more unusual
because his authoritarian government has been struggling to stave off
what it sees as an infiltration of the South’s pop culture among his
- appearance — When someone makes an appearance at a public event or
in a broadcast, they take part in it.
- 全句的主语应该是“The appearance by North Korea’s leader on
Sunday at a concert”
- authoritarian [ɔːθɔ͟ːrɪte͟əriən] — If you describe a person or an
organization as authoritarian, you are critical of them
controlling everything rather than letting people decide things
- stave n. — a stave is strong stiff, especially one that is used as
- stave off — If you stave off something bad, or if you stave it
off, you succeed in stopping it happening for a while.
It says it is trying to stop a “culture of working overtime”.
皇家88平台，Kim is one of many in South Korea’s capital to have taken on extra jobs
as part of the unintended consequence of a law aimed at capping working
hours and giving people more free time.
But Mr. Kim shook the hands of members of South Korea’s most popular
girl band, Red Velvet, which he and his wife, Ri Sol-ju, watched from a
- shake the hands of sb == shake hands with sb
- balcony — The balcony in a theatre or cinema is an area of seats
above the main seating area.
South Korea has some of the longest working hours in the world.
On 1 July South Korea cut the maximum weekly work hours to 52, down from
After watching Red Velvet perform, Mr. Kim reportedly pronounced the
event a “gift for Pyongyang citizens.”
- But the new regulation intended to combat long hours in Seoul’s
steel and glass office towers has backfired for many doing manual or
irregular labour, with people flocking to poorly regulated industries
and facing pay cuts.
The two-hour show at the East Pyongyang Grand Theater was part of a
political détente between the neighboring countries as relations have
It was the first time a North Korean leader watched a South Korean
musical performance in the North’s capital.
Government employees there work an average of 2,739 hours a year – about
1,000 hours more than workers in other developed countries.
- détente(detente) [deɪtɒ̱nt] — Detente is a state of friendly
relations between two countries when previously there had been
problems between them. [FORMAL]
Kim added his delivery job – for South Korea’s national post – after the
new law meant more office workers went home early, reducing the number
of driving jobs at night. Kim, who has three daughters to support
through university, now works about 19 hours a day.
The performances by the South Korean troupe that flew in on Saturday
with great fanfare to Pyongyang were done in the name of international
The shutdown initiative in the Seoul Metropolitan Government is set to
roll out across three phases over the next three months.
- troupe — A troupe is a group of actors, singers, or dancers who
work together and often travel around together, performing in
- fanfare — If something happens with a fanfare, it happens or is
announced with a lot of publicity.
- sth was done in the name of … — 某事以……之名进行
Kim, whose income dropped 40% after the law came in, is not alone. A
woman who would give only her surname, Park, began working in a
convenience store after she lost about 500,000 won ($445) a month due to
the cap on working hours. A builder? took a second job working as a type
of unofficial bus service when hours were cut to comply with the law.
The show occurred just weeks before Mr. Kim is scheduled to meet with
South Korea’s president, Moon Jae-in, at a border village on April 27,
and ahead of a planned summit meeting with President Trump in May.
The programme will begin on March 30, with all computers switched off by
They were the first South Korean singers to perform in North Korea in
more than a decade. Their visit reciprocated a North Korean art troupe’s
performances in South Korea during its Winter Olympics in February. Mr.
Moon watched one of the North Korean performances.