科学明白地告诉我们,向人们灌输更多的科学常识并不能完全解决否定科学的问题。我们无法忽视存在假消息的现实,我们不能否认存在否定科学的事实。相反,我们应该把它看成一个教育契机。课堂上阐释误解是教授科学的最有效方法之一。

The idea of creating our own truth without outside influence or
assistance may sound reasonable if we focus only on our adulthood. But
when we were children, what we knew and believed everything was what
others told us. Even seeing is believing we believe is from others at
the beginning. That is the early truth in our experience.

No.

表1 遵循“事实—迷思—谬误”框架的“否定事实”入门课

Imperfect perception and memory

And two, is that there exists so less people treating linguist and other
humanity subjects as solid science. Because they were never taught that
way.

SCIENCE’S ANSWER TO SCIENCE DENIAL

It is obvious that our memory is processed easily by our feelings or
outside argument because it has been proved by the researchers who are
memory experts. Others can change your memory if they deliberately tell
you some information repeatedly until impress you.

Just imagine this, a little curious Chinese boy in an elemantary school,
simply spend time on wondering the curious pronounciations of a certain
English word, and trying to match it with a word in Chinese. And by
doing so, not only he felt it amusing, but also a way of acquring. 

Inoculation theory takes the concept of vaccination, where we are
exposed to a weak form of a virus in order to build immunity to the real
virus, and applies it to knowledge。

The quality of a belief depends to a considerable extent on the quality
of the information that backs it up. Because it’s a big world and
reality has many faces, it’s easy for to be misinformed. Even the wisest
can err because they still be limited in that time they can’t transcend.

What have you been taught? Take English course for instance.

接种理论采用疫苗接种的概念并将其应用于知识领域。疫苗接种就是让人体感染弱化病毒,以获得抵抗真正病毒的免疫力。

It is a little hard to exactly explain the relationship of cause and
effect. There are four facts must be understood to help us avoid
confusion:

However, in fact, these subjects are more directly related to the
phenomenona we talk all day long—— the social phenomenona, the way our
emotion changes and the change of our mind condition—— lots of daily
issues can be viewed under the instructions of humanity SCIENCE. Like,
knowing a little about practical phycology won’t hurt, and may also make
you more reasonable when you confronting a hardship. Knowing the fact
maybe better than to blame yourself or others blindly. And under this
cirrcumstance, one just cought less troubles by using this technique of
phycology.

Figure 1。 Response to misinformation about climate change。

Based on these factors including imperfect memory, perception and
deficient information, we know that it is too hard to create truth. What
we create is belief, ideas that we accept as truth but that could easily
be false. Our beliefs and assertion are true when they correspond to
that reality and false when they do not because truth is not dependent
on our acknowledgement of it, nor is it in any way altered by our
ignorance or transformed by our wishful thinking.

Like first of all, without previous concepts about versatile languages,
for children in most parts of China, especially for those who grow up
from a pure single-language environment, the knowledege about languages
themselve could be vital.

图1对于气候变化假消息的反应

One event can precede another without causing it.

皇家88平台,Not all causation involves force or necessity

There is a wild card in human affairs-free will

Causation is often complex.

This universal ignorance about language and other humanity subjects as
parts of science, did make lots of barriers for us single-language
speaker. Because of this, rather less people of us view language in a
more serious and systematical way—— they were simply taught randomly.
What the teachers thought about them, is exact the way they were taught.
As for weather the teachers themselves got enough education so that they
can view these subjects in a scientific, “mature” way, was ignored. 

近日,心理学研究者桑德·范·得·林登牵头的一项研究发现,关于气候变化的假消息对公众看待气候变化具有重大影响。

Why do people tend to claim that the truth is spiritual reality? And why
people gradually give up searching what is truth because it seems to be
no right answer and becomes murky? All of these things, time, space,
religion, etc., need to be considered that will help you know what is
truth clearly.

No, there will generate tons of misunderstandings about languages, and
even a large part of them came from the teacher’s distracting, reckless
explanation.

Misinformation, fake news, and “alternative?facts” are more prominent
than ever。 The Oxford Dictionary named “post-truth” as the 2016 word of
the year。 Science and scientific evidence have been under assault。

What is truth? Everyone has his or her ideas, which can be what I
believe in, what I see or hear and so on. And yet, maybe you don’t get
the reality, what you see or hear can be wrong and something you believe
in is from traditional values you don’t possess them and even you don’t
know why it is true.

But what’s the influence, or, results? One problem is that, the little
boy we mentioned could possibly feel upset about English, since he can’t
explain all the intricate relations in this new language with his little
tricks, and will probabaly give up.

假消息的两种危害

Where does it all begin?

In short, humanity and other science should be considered practical
tools of one’s life, rather than any kind of way to get fortune or fame.
However, once lost its original aim, the ending will be rather
different, too.

Inoculation is a powerful and versatile form of science communication
that can be used in a number of ways。 My approach has been to mesh
together the findings of inoculation with the cognitive psychology of
debunking, developing the Fact-Myth-Fallacy framework。

Understanding cause and effect

The way like some nowadays well-organized subjects, i.e., physics or
math?

接种理论作为一种功能众多且强大的科学解释,用途十分广泛。本人通过把接种理论的成果和揭露真相的认知心理学联系在一起,发展出一套“事实—迷思—谬误”框架。

Truth is discovered, not created.

But what will happen next? It’s  cute to do so, but will the boy
successfully develop the right concept of a different language while he
grew elder? Will he figure out that certain phenomenona are just some
special characteristics of a language and in terms of viewing them
involves a certain way called linguistic?

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