皇家88平台 1

原标题:教室哪个位置最容易出学霸?座位与成绩真的有关吗?

  Passage 1

Choice of seating in the lecture hall can affect a college student’s
performance, a study suggests.

走进教室上课时,你一般会选择哪里的座位呢?前排、后排,还是中间?

  Proper arrangement of classroom space is important to encouraging
interaction.Most of us have noticed how important physical setting is to
efficiency and comfort in our work.Today’s corporation hire human
engineering specialists and spend a considerable amount of time and
money to make sure that the physical environments of buildings are fit
to the activities of their inhabitants.

研究显示,教室座位的选择可能会影响大学生的学业成绩。

最新研究显示,你在教室所选择的座位或许预示着你的考试成绩。

  Similarly, college classroom space should be designed to encourage
the activity of critical thinking.We are already in the twenty-first
century,but step into almost any college classroom and you step back in
time at least a hundred years.Desks are normally in straight rows, so
students can clearly see the teacher but not all their classmates.This
assumption behind such an arrangement is obvious:Everything of
importance comes from the teacher.

Lectures are a staple of higher education, and understanding how
students interact and learn within the lecture theatre environment is
central to successful learning.

为了有个好成绩,选座也要谨慎啊!

  With a little imagination and effort,unless desks are fixed to the
floor,the teacher can correct this situation and create space that
encourages interchange among students.In small or standardized
classes,chairs,desks,and tables can be arranged in a variety of
ways:circles,U-shapes,or semicircles.The primary goal should be for
everyone to be able to see everyone else.Larger classes,particular
those held in lecture halls,unfortunately,allow much less flexibility.

高等教育的主要授课内容都是在课堂中进行的,理解学生们在阶梯教室的课堂环境中如何互动和学习对取得好的学习效果很关键。

皇家88平台 2

  Arrangement of the classroom should also make it easy to divide
students into small groups for discussion or problem-solving
exercises.Small classes with movable desks and tables present no
problem.Even in large lecture halls,it is possible for students to turn
around and form group of four to six.Breaking a class into small groups
provides more opportunities for students to interact with each
other,think out loud,and see how other students’ thinking processes
operate–all essential elements in developing new modes of critical
thinking.

Researchers from Sheffield Hallam University in the UK examined
students’ reasons for choosing particular seats in a lecture hall, and
investigated how seating positions correlate with student performance.

Choice of seating in the lecture hall can affect a college student’s
performance, a study suggests.

研究显示,在阶梯教室里,学生对于座位的选择可能会影响其学业成绩。

  In courses that regularly use a small group format,students might
be asked to stay in the same small groups throughout the course.A
colleague of mine allows students to move around during the first two
weeks,until they find a group they are comfortable with.He then asks
them to stay in the same seat,with the same group,from that time
on.This not only creates a comfortable setting for interaction but helps
him learn students’ names and faces.

英国谢菲尔德哈勒姆大学的研究人员分析了学生们在课堂中选择特定座位的原因,并调查了他们所选择的座位和学业成绩之间的关系。

英国谢菲尔德哈勒姆大学(Sheffield Hallam
University)的研究人员分析了学生们在阶梯教室里选择特定座位的原因,并调查了他们所选择的座位和学业成绩之间的关系(how
seating positions correlate with student performance)。

  1. According to the passage,proper arrangement of physical
environment in a company _______.

“Interaction is a key part of learning and knowing who the students are
interacting with can be a great benefit when designing activities,” said
David P Smith of Sheffield Hallam University.

Many students preferred being able to sit with their friends, while
others were more concerned with either attracting or avoiding the
lecturer’s attention.

许多学生喜欢和朋友坐在一起,而另外一些学生则希望引起或避开授课老师的注意。

  A. can improve working conditions

英国谢菲尔德哈勒姆大学的戴维·史密斯说:“互动是学习的关键部分,而在设置课堂活动的时候,知道学生在与什么人互动会大有帮助。”

皇家88平台 3

  B. leads to an friendly atmosphere

Many students preferred being able to sit with their friends, while
others were more concerned with either attracting or avoiding the
lecturer’s attention.

在阶梯教室里,学霸都是选能听清老师上课的座位,学渣都是选容易开溜的座位……

  C. can promote working efficiency

许多学生喜欢和朋友坐在一起,而另外一些学生则希望引起或避开授课老师的注意。

Some students chose seats that allowed them to see and hear clearly,
while others picked easily vacatable seats that made them feel less
anxious, researchers said.

研究者称,有些学生选择那些能让他们可以清楚地看到和听到老师讲课的座位,有些学生则偏爱能方便开溜的座位,这可以减少他们的焦虑感。

  D. produce an energetic team leader

Some students chose seats that allowed them to see and hear clearly,
while others picked easily vacatable seats that made them feel less
anxious, researchers said.

皇家88平台 4

  2. Desks in straight rows in a traditional classroom imply
_______.

皇家88平台,有些学生选择那些能让他们可以清楚地看到和听到老师讲课的座位,而其他学生则偏爱那些让他们觉得不那么焦虑的座位,因为他们可以方便地起身离开教室。

研究还显示,喜欢坐在一起的小伙伴,成绩也差不多,确定不是互相抄答案导致的么……

  A. the importance of facial expressions

Friendship groups who sat together tended to achieve similar grades, and
students who sat alone at the edges tended to do worse than average.

Friendship groups who sat together tended to achieve similar grades,
and students who sat alone at the edges tended to do worse than
average.

坐在一起的一群朋友倾向于考相似的成绩。而独自坐在教室角落的学生的成绩往往低于平均水平。

  B. group work is not welcome in class

坐在一起的一群朋友倾向于获得相似的成绩。而独自坐在教室角落的学生的成绩往往低于平均水平。

那么,你最喜欢坐在教室的哪个位置呢?

  C. strict rules that must be abided by

Lecturers may be able to use these findings to provide assistance to
anxious students, and to support the learning of all students by
encouraging interactions between the different groups.

其实座位的挑选不仅能影响你的学业成绩,还能反映出你的个性特征。

  D. the absolute authority of teachers

老师们可以利用这项研究结果帮助焦虑的学生,并通过鼓励不同学生群体之间的互动,来帮助所有学生的学习。

前排

  3. The most important goal of classroom arrangement is to
_______.

那么,你最喜欢坐在教室的哪个位置呢?其实座位的挑选不仅能影响你的学业成绩,还能反映出你的个性特征。

皇家88平台 5

  A. create more chances of interaction among students

前排

Appraising classroom rows based on academic success, some professors
have observed that the front row remains prime sitting position
typically held by outgoing scholarly students.

  B. increase more speaking practices among students

Appraising classroom rows based on academic success, some professors
have observed that the front row remains prime sitting position
typically held by outgoing scholarly students. “I notice the more
prepared and personable students sit in front rows,” said Dr. Chris
Hammons, interim dean of the College of Arts and Humanities and chair of
the department of government (London). “Students in the front almost
always score higher on exams.”

一些教授基于学业成就对学生在教室中的座位进行评价,他们注意到,开朗活泼且爱学习的学生最爱坐前排。

  C. make it possible for teachers to judge how well students have
learned

一些教授基于学业成就对学生在教室中的座位进行评价,他们注意到,开朗活泼且博学的学生最爱坐前排。艺术与人文学院的临时院长、伦敦教育部门的主席克里斯-哈蒙斯博士说:“我注意到,准备越充分,越品貌兼优的学生越爱坐在前排。坐在前排的学生通常考试成绩更好。”

艺术与人文学院的临时院长、伦敦教育部门的主席克里斯-哈蒙斯博士说:

  D. improve the relationship between students and teachers

Perhaps more importantly, the front row may be the ideal location for
shy, timid students who have trouble paying attention. Also, sitting
closer to the front of the room does have an effect on student-teacher
rapport, which is linked to greater academic performance.

“I notice the more prepared and personable students sit in front rows.
Students in the front almost always score higher on exams.”

“我注意到,准备越充分,越品学兼优的学生越爱往前坐。坐在前排的学生通常考试成绩更好。”

  4. By dividing students into small groups,teachers _______.

或许更重要的是,前排座位也是害羞胆怯学生的理想之选,因为他们总是不能集中注意力。而且,坐在教室前排还能促进师生关系和谐,从而带来更好的学业表现。

Also, sitting closer to the front of the room does have an effect on
student-teacher rapport, which is linked to greater academic
performance.

  A. find it easier to handle the in-class teaching

According to a study published in 2013, GPAs decreased by 0.1 point on a
four-point scale for every row further back students sit.

而且,坐在教室前排还能促进师生关系和谐,这与更好的学业表现也有关联。

  B. can participate in group work conveniently

根据2013年发表的一项研究,学生每靠后坐一排,GPA成绩就下降0.1分(总分为4分)。

rapport /ræ’pɔː/:融洽

  C. help develop students’ abilities in critical thinking

中间

According to a study published in 2013, GPAs decreased by 0.1 point on a
four-point scale for every row further back students sit.

  D. reinforce students’ ability in cooperation and communication

Still, some students prefer the middle rows. This location in the
classroom can make paying attention difficult depending on the student.
In fact, Dr. Robert Wallace, a member of the National Education
Association, considers choosing to sit in the middle of the classroom
one of the worst decisions a student can make. “In a classroom setting,
a speaker’s eyes tend to go to the front of the room and the back,” he
wrote in an article for Creators.com. “They don’t look at the centre of
a room as often or with the same amount of attention.”

根据2013年发表的一项研究,学生每靠后坐一排,GPA成绩就下降0.1分(总分为4分)。

  5. It can be inferred that the author _______.

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