Singapore has been ranked the world’s most expensive city for a fifth
straight year as the cost of living in many major Asian cities continues
to march higher. Singapore, an island city state of 5.6m people, is 16
percent more expensive to live in than New York, according to an
Economist Intelligence Unit survey which compares the price of over 150
items in 133 cities around the world.

随着亚洲许多主要城市的生活成本持续升高,新加坡连续第5年被评为全球物价最高的城市。  经济学人智库(EIU)的一项调查显示,作为一个拥有560万人口的城市岛国,新加坡的生活成本比纽约高16%。EIU对全球各地133个城市中逾150种商品的价格进行了比较。  EIU的罗克珊娜•斯拉夫切娃(Roxana
Slavcheva)表示:“新加坡反映了一种地区趋势,亚洲的许多中心城市如今进入了世界最昂贵城市之列。”  来自亚太的17个城市进入了全球最昂贵城市前50强,其中香港排名第四,首尔排名第六,悉尼排名第十。上海排名第21,深圳排名第23,它们是中国内地物价最昂贵的城市,但报告指出,中国的生活成本保持稳定。新西兰的惠灵顿和奥克兰并列排名第24。  “新加坡、香港和首尔等亚洲中心与巴黎、苏黎世和奥斯陆等欧洲目的地之间的竞争,也将成为下一个调查周期的看点,”斯拉夫切娃说。  欧元走强使几个西欧城市的排名上升,巴黎前进5位,与苏黎世并列第二,奥斯陆进入前五。  排名下滑的城市包括纽约:在美元走软的背景下,纽约跌了4位,跌至第13。在日本低通胀率的影响下,东京和大阪的排名跌出前十,并列第11。  不过,南亚城市仍属于世界上物价最便宜的30个城市之列,“并且仍是亚洲地区最物美价廉的城市”,EIU说。

随着亚洲许多主要城市的生活成本持续升高,新加坡连续第5年被评为全球物价最高的城市。经济学人智库(EIU)的一项调查显示,作为一个拥有560万人口的城市岛国,新加坡的生活成本比纽约高16%。EIU对全球各地133个城市中逾150种商品的价格进行了比较。

 

Singapore reflects a regional trend, with Asian hubs now making up many
of the world’s most expensive cities,” said EIU’s Roxana Slavcheva.

Global city

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

 

Parts of this article (those related to GaWC Study 2008) need to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (January 2012)

“World city” redirects here. For other uses, see World city
(disambiguation)).

global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha
city
 or world center, is
a city generally considered to be
an important node in the global economic
system. The concept comes
from geography and urban
studies,
and the idea
that globalization can be
understood as largely created, facilitated, and enacted in
strategic geographic
locales) according
to a hierarchy of importance to the operation of the global system
of finance and trade.

The most complex of these entities is the “global city”, whereby the
linkages binding a city have a direct and tangible effect on global
affairs
through socio-economic means.[\[1\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-Sass1-1) The
use of “global city”, as opposed to
“megacity”, was popularized
by sociologist Saskia
Sassen in her 1991
work, The Global City: New York, London,
Tokyo
;[\[2\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-2) although
the term “world city”, which refers to cities involved with large
amounts of global business, dates to at least the May 1886 description
of Liverpool, by The
Illustrated London
News
.[\[3\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-3)Patrick
Geddes also used the term
“world city” later in
1915.[\[4\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-Doel_and_Hubbard-4) More
recently, the term has been described as being synonymous with a city’s
influence and ‘financial capital’, with other factors becoming less
relevant.[\[5\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-5)[\[6\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-6)

 

EIU的罗克珊娜.斯拉夫切娃(Roxana
Slavcheva)表示:“新加坡反映了一种地区趋势,亚洲的许多中心城市如今进入了世界最昂贵城市之列。”

Contents

  [hide] 

  • 1Criteria
    • 1.1Characteristics
  • 2Variant
    rankings

    • 2.1GaWC
      study
    • 2.2Global Power
      City
      Index
    • 2.3Global Cities
      Index
    • 2.4Global
      Economic Power
      Index
    • 2.5The Wealth
      Report
    • 2.6Global City
      Competitiveness
      Index
  • 3See
    also
  • 4References
  • 5External
    links

 

Seventeen cities from the Asia Pacific region are ranked in the 50 most
expensive cities, with Hong Kong placed fourth, Seoul sixth and Sydney
tenth. Shanghai, at 21, and Shenzhen, 23, are China’s most expensive
cities though the report noted that the cost of living in China remained
stable. New Zealand’s Wellington and Auckland share 24th place.

Criteria

Global city status is considered to be beneficial and desired, and
because of this, many groups have tried to classify and rank which
cities are seen as world cities or non-world
cities
.[\[4\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-Doel_and_Hubbard-4) Although
there is a consensus upon leading world
cities,[\[7\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-GaWC_5-7) the
criteria upon which a classification is made can affect which other
cities are
included.[\[4\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-Doel_and_Hubbard-4) The
criteria for identification tend either to be based on a yardstick
value
 (e.g., if the producer-service sector is the largest sector then
city X is a world
city)[\[4\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-Doel_and_Hubbard-4) or
on an imminent determination (if the producer-service sector of city X
is greater than the combined producer-service sectors of N other cities
then city X is a world
city.)[\[4\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_city#cite_note-Doel_and_Hubbard-4)

Cities can also fall from such categorization, as in the case of cities
that have become
less cosmopolitan and
less internationally renowned in the current era.

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