不过,造成浪费的不只有快时尚品牌。今年早些时候,高端时尚品牌巴宝莉承认将未售出的价值近4000万美元(2.7亿元人民币)的衣服、饰品和香水烧毁。据英国广播公司报道,该公司选择烧毁货物而不是降价出售是为了保护品牌价值。

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A frequently-cited study done a few years ago by Plunkett Research, a
market-research firm, found that 67% of American women were “plus-size”,
meaning size 14 or larger.

萨姆纳说:“快时尚品牌牛仔裤的寿命是名牌牛仔裤的两倍,但是价格却只有名牌牛仔裤的十分之一。”

D

For those that are willing to take a chance, several internet startups
that deliver personally styled outfits to individuals, including
plus-size women, offer data to “straight-size” designers.

根据美国环保局固体废物办公室的数据,美国人每人每年扔掉超68磅(31千克)的衣服和纺织品。服装潮流瞬息万变,根据2017年的报告,一件衣服在被丢弃前的平均穿着次数在过去15年间下降了36%。

C. the restaurants want people to keep healthyD. the government
recommends the amount

Tracy Reese, a designer known for creating Michelle Obama’s dress for
the Democratic National Convention in 2012, is one brand that recently
enlisted Gwynnie Bee’s help to create a new plus-size collection.

萨姆纳博士告诉《每日电讯报》说:“其中一些衣服在大范围测试中表现很出色——这些衣服多半是快时尚产品。”

B. All famous design schools are located in New York City。

A good fit is everything, stylists often counsel, but in assessing its
market America’s fashion business appears to have mislaid the measuring
tape.

“Jeans from one fashion brand lasted twice as long as a designer label
jeans, but cost one-tenth of the price of the designer jeans,” he said.

Health experts have tried to get many restaurants to serve smaller
portions. Now, apparently, some customers are calling for this too. The
restaurant industry trade believed restaurants serve portions that are
too large; 23 percent had no opinion; 20 percent disagreed. But a closer
look at the survey indicates that many Americans who can’t afford fine
dining still prefer large portions.70 percent of those earning at least
$150,000 per year prefer smaller portions; but only 45 percent of those
earning less than$25,000 want smaller.

Takings were $21.3bn last year.

带头开展这项研究的马克·萨姆纳博士是时尚和可持续性专业的讲师。研究人员采用了多个品牌和价位的T恤和牛仔裤作为样本,衡量了接缝强力、色牢度等因素,以及面料多长时间会发生撕裂。

A. working with the fashion industry B. expectation of success overnight

Nonetheless, designer brands still hold back (Walmart sells the most
plus-size apparel).

总而言之,在买新衣服之前要考虑的东西很多。但是,继续穿你的廉价牛仔裤对你的财政状况和环境都有好处,而且,它们很可能和你看中的那条名牌牛仔裤一样耐穿。

  1. Which of the following old sayings shows the writer’s opinion about
    learning fashion design?

In March Nike extended its “X-sized” sportswear range.

According to Dr. Sumner’s interview with?The Telegraph, designer label
T-shirts were “the worst performing” in all of the tests. Surprisingly,
T-shirts from an online fast-fashion brand held up the best.

A. Many poor Americans want large portions。

That figure will not have changed much, but in 2016, only 18% of
clothing sold was plus-size, according to NPD Group, another research
firm.

Although some clothing items are estimated to be trashed after just
seven wears, less than 1% of clothing is recycled to create new
clothing. Plus, fast-fashion can come with ethical concerns depending on
the company.

A. look through magazines B. go to New York City


利兹大学的一项新研究指出,廉价的衣服事实上可能比昂贵的衣服更耐穿。

  1. American restaurants serve large portions because
    ___________。

Fast-fashion brands, including Forever 21 and a fashion line sold in
partnership with Target, a giant retailer, have expanded their plus-size
collections.

Of course, price isn’t the only thing to consider when shopping for new
threads. The fashion industry is a huge source of environmental
pollution, with low-cost clothing contributing heavily to landfill waste
and carbon gas emissions.

A. Better late than never. B. Experience is the best teacher。

Not all plus-size shoppers are convinced.

According to the EPA Office of Solid Waste, Americans throw away more
than 68 pounds of clothing and textiles per person per year. With trends
appearing and vanishing in the blink of an eye, the average number of
times a garment is worn before it is disposed of has decreased 36% over
the past 15 years, according to a 2017 report.

B. Most of the clothes are designed by famous designers。

Lane Bryant, a plus-size retailer, and Prabal Garung, a designer, have
done the same.

The study was led by Dr. Mark Sumner, a lecturer in fashion and
sustainability. Using samples of T-shirts and jeans from a variety of
brands and price points, researchers measured factors such as seam
strength, colorfastness, and how long it took for the fabric of each
piece to develop rips or tears.

A. The government recommended serving small portion。

Social media has played an important role in changing attitudes in the
fashion business, says Madeline Jones, editor and co-founder of PLUS
Model Magazine.

萨姆纳在接受《每日电讯报》的采访时说,名牌T恤在所有测试中的“表现是最差的”。令人惊讶的是,质量最好的T恤来自一家线上快时尚品牌。

According to news reports, US restaurants are partly to blame for the
growing bellies. A waiter puts a plate of food in front of each
customer, with two to four times the amount recommended by the
government, according to a USA Today story. Americans traditionally
associate quantity with value and most restaurants try to give them
that. They prefer to have customers complain about too much food rather
than too little。

The fashion industry blatently pays attention to plus-size women.

当然,在购置新衣服时,价格并不是唯一要考虑的因素。时装行业是造成环境污染的一大源头,低成本服装严重加剧了垃圾填埋和二氧化碳排放。

D. People in the United States began to gain weight。

Laura Fuentes, a hairstylist from Abilene, Texas, says that many
upmarket department stores still keep their plus-size clothing sections
poorly organised, badly stocked and dimly lit, if they stock larger
clothes at all.

“Some of the garments performed very well across a wide range of tests —
more often than not, the best products were ‘fast-fashion’ products,”
Dr. Sumner told?The Telegraph.

A. to wash the plateB. not to eat too much

Designers and retailers have long thought of the plus-size segment as
high-risk.

尽管有些衣服只穿了7次就被丢弃,但被回收用来制作新衣服的却不到1%。此外,快时尚产业的一些公司还伴随着道德争议。

  1. “Clean your plate!” in the first paragraph means
    ___________。

Revenue in the plus-size category increased by 14% between 2013 and
2016, compared with growth of 7% for all apparel.

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