A frequently-cited study done a few years ago by Plunkett Research, a
market-research firm, found that 67% of American women were “plus-size”,
meaning size 14 or larger.



For those that are willing to take a chance, several internet startups
that deliver personally styled outfits to individuals, including
plus-size women, offer data to “straight-size” designers.


C. the restaurants want people to keep healthyD. the government
recommends the amount

Tracy Reese, a designer known for creating Michelle Obama’s dress for
the Democratic National Convention in 2012, is one brand that recently
enlisted Gwynnie Bee’s help to create a new plus-size collection.


B. All famous design schools are located in New York City。

A good fit is everything, stylists often counsel, but in assessing its
market America’s fashion business appears to have mislaid the measuring

“Jeans from one fashion brand lasted twice as long as a designer label
jeans, but cost one-tenth of the price of the designer jeans,” he said.

Health experts have tried to get many restaurants to serve smaller
portions. Now, apparently, some customers are calling for this too. The
restaurant industry trade believed restaurants serve portions that are
too large; 23 percent had no opinion; 20 percent disagreed. But a closer
look at the survey indicates that many Americans who can’t afford fine
dining still prefer large portions.70 percent of those earning at least
$150,000 per year prefer smaller portions; but only 45 percent of those
earning less than$25,000 want smaller.

Takings were $21.3bn last year.


A. working with the fashion industry B. expectation of success overnight

Nonetheless, designer brands still hold back (Walmart sells the most
plus-size apparel).


  1. Which of the following old sayings shows the writer’s opinion about
    learning fashion design?

In March Nike extended its “X-sized” sportswear range.

According to Dr. Sumner’s interview with?The Telegraph, designer label
T-shirts were “the worst performing” in all of the tests. Surprisingly,
T-shirts from an online fast-fashion brand held up the best.

A. Many poor Americans want large portions。

That figure will not have changed much, but in 2016, only 18% of
clothing sold was plus-size, according to NPD Group, another research

Although some clothing items are estimated to be trashed after just
seven wears, less than 1% of clothing is recycled to create new
clothing. Plus, fast-fashion can come with ethical concerns depending on
the company.

A. look through magazines B. go to New York City


  1. American restaurants serve large portions because

Fast-fashion brands, including Forever 21 and a fashion line sold in
partnership with Target, a giant retailer, have expanded their plus-size

Of course, price isn’t the only thing to consider when shopping for new
threads. The fashion industry is a huge source of environmental
pollution, with low-cost clothing contributing heavily to landfill waste
and carbon gas emissions.

A. Better late than never. B. Experience is the best teacher。

Not all plus-size shoppers are convinced.

According to the EPA Office of Solid Waste, Americans throw away more
than 68 pounds of clothing and textiles per person per year. With trends
appearing and vanishing in the blink of an eye, the average number of
times a garment is worn before it is disposed of has decreased 36% over
the past 15 years, according to a 2017 report.

B. Most of the clothes are designed by famous designers。

Lane Bryant, a plus-size retailer, and Prabal Garung, a designer, have
done the same.

The study was led by Dr. Mark Sumner, a lecturer in fashion and
sustainability. Using samples of T-shirts and jeans from a variety of
brands and price points, researchers measured factors such as seam
strength, colorfastness, and how long it took for the fabric of each
piece to develop rips or tears.

A. The government recommended serving small portion。

Social media has played an important role in changing attitudes in the
fashion business, says Madeline Jones, editor and co-founder of PLUS
Model Magazine.


According to news reports, US restaurants are partly to blame for the
growing bellies. A waiter puts a plate of food in front of each
customer, with two to four times the amount recommended by the
government, according to a USA Today story. Americans traditionally
associate quantity with value and most restaurants try to give them
that. They prefer to have customers complain about too much food rather
than too little。

The fashion industry blatently pays attention to plus-size women.


D. People in the United States began to gain weight。

Laura Fuentes, a hairstylist from Abilene, Texas, says that many
upmarket department stores still keep their plus-size clothing sections
poorly organised, badly stocked and dimly lit, if they stock larger
clothes at all.

“Some of the garments performed very well across a wide range of tests —
more often than not, the best products were ‘fast-fashion’ products,”
Dr. Sumner told?The Telegraph.

A. to wash the plateB. not to eat too much

Designers and retailers have long thought of the plus-size segment as


  1. “Clean your plate!” in the first paragraph means

Revenue in the plus-size category increased by 14% between 2013 and
2016, compared with growth of 7% for all apparel.